It means that more time and effort is needed to move the food and/or liquids from your mouth to the stomach,
along with a feeling of something sticking in the throat and usually signifies some sort of obstruction or narrowing
down the food passage. Occasional dysphagia may be due to improper chewing of the food but persistent dysphagia may
indicate serious conditions. It is commonly seen in elder population but can happen at any age.
It is a very serious symptom, should never be taken lightly as it may be associated with underlying serious disease
such as cancer hence requires urgent consultation with the doctor (gastroenterologist).
The associated symptoms may include:
Other symptoms may include:
Diagnosis is made based on the history, clinical examination and some tests. These may include blood tests,
special X-rays and other radiological imaging.
An upper gastrointestinal endoscopy is the most important test that helps in diagnosis and further plan. It is
performed with the help of a camera tube that goes down the throat and examine the food pipe, stomach and first
part of small intestine. It is usually performed under sedation and is safe and painless.
Treatment of dysphagia depends upon the cause. It may vary between medical management and endoscopy based treatment
like dilation of esophagus or putting a metallic stent. Surgery is considered in some patients depending on the
cause of the symptoms. Patients with neurological cause may require learning exercises, liquid diet or even a